Jump down the list by clicking on a letter:

A B C D E F G H I J K L M  N O P Q R S  T U V W X Y Z

Glossary

A

Accutane: A brand of Isotretinoin. Isotretinoin  is an alternative to oral antibiotics that is sometimes effective for severe outbreaks of papules and pustules.  [See the treatment page for more details].

acute: Sudden or severe. An acute condition is one in which symptoms appear, change, or worsen rapidly. The opposite of chronic.

antibiotic: A term used to describe a range of drugs which are used to treat conditions involving bacteria.

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B

blepharitis: Inflammation of the eyelids. 

C

chalazia: Enlarged / inflamed or plugged meibomian gland. This is the gland which lubricates the eyelids. 

chronic: A condition that is continuous or persistent over an extended period of time. The opposite of acute. A chronic condition is one that is long-standing, not easily or quickly resolved.

comdeones: Comedones are the skin-colored, small bumps (papules) frequently found on the forehead and chin of those with acne.

conjunctivitis: Inflammation or infection of the membrane lining the eyelids. Also known as pink eye.

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D

demodex folliculorum: A cigar shaped mite which lives  in the skin. It has been suggested in the past that this mite may be the cause of rosacea but studies have not supported this. 

doxycycline: An antibiotic which is used to treat a wide variety of bacterial infections. It is often prescribed for rosacea. 

E

edema: Another name for swelling .

erythema: - Facial redness (a rash) caused by inflammation of the skin.  

F

flushing: Reddening of the face similar to blushing. Occurs when a larger amount of blood flows through vessels quickly and the vessels expand under the skin to handle the flow

H

helicobacter pylori: A stomach bacteria which causes ulcers that was once thought to be the cause of rosacea. Later studies did not prove this connection.

hypertrophy: Abnormal growth. 

hyperemia: Abnormally increased blood flow 

hyperplasia: Increased cell production in normal tissue; an excess of normal tissue

hypothalamus: The body's "thermostat"

I

iridocyclitis: Eye inflammation. 

iritis: Inflammation of the iris, a part of the eye. Symptoms include eye pain, sensitivity to light, and/or blurry vision.

Isotretinoin: an alternative to oral antibiotics which is sometimes effective for severe outbreaks of papules and pustules. Sold under the brand names of Accutane or Roaccutane)

K

keratitis: Infection or inflammation of the cornea (the center portion of the eye that surrounds the pupil).

ketconozole: The active ingredient in nizoral, helpful for seborrheic dermatitis and dandruff. 

M

macules - from symptoms page (see skin erruptions)

metronidazole: a topical treatment for rosacea. Has been proved as effective against rosacea. Is the active ingredient in metrogel, metrocream and noritate. 

N

nodules - - from symptoms page (see skin erruptions)

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O

ocular: of the eye. 

P

papules - sold acne-like nodules 

peri-oral dermatitis

photoderm: an intense light source, fired at the facial skin to reduce flushing associated with rosacea. a new treatment for rosacea that is producing some exciting results. 

Pityriasis Rosea : A skin disease. Because of the similar spelling, this disease is sometimes confused with rosacea. (Note: There is no such thing as Pityriasis Rosacea.) You can read more about Pityriasis Rosea at this link.

pustule: puss-filled nodule. - a vesicle filled with cloudy fluid, such as pus, often associated with a hair follicle but can exist independently.   

R

rhinophyma (rye-no-feye-muh) - Nasal bumps. When rosacea is not treated, some people bumps on the nose. As more bumps appear, the nose looks swollen. This condition is called rhinophyma.

Roaccutane: a brand of Isotretinoin, which is an alternative to oral antibiotics which is sometimes effective for severe outbreaks of papules and pustules. 

rosacea: Pronounced rose-ay-shah. A disease which generally affects the face and appears in a variety of symptoms including persistant flushing, skin erruptions and irritated eyes.

rosecea: Common mis-spelling of rosacea

S

seborrheic dermatitis: A disease that causes flaking of the skin. It usually affects the scalp where it is commonly called dandruff (adults) or cradle cap (babies). It can also affect the skin on other parts of the body, such as the face and chest, and creases of the arms. Seborrheic dermatitis is often seen existing simultaneously with rosacea symptoms.


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T

telangiectasis: (pronounced tell-an-jek-taze-yah) damaged or dilated facial blood vessels, often visible on the surface of the skin. 

tetracycline: an antibiotic often prescribed for rosacea. 

V

vascular  - of blood vessels. 

vascularity - increased prominence of blood vessels)

 

 

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